- Category: Species
- Author: Fabrice Feyton
- Published: May 1, 2020
- Views: 68
Common names: Kinyarwanda: “Umuyove”, English: “African mahogany” and Kiswahili: “Myovu”. Entandrophragma excelsum is a deciduous tree which grows up to a height ranging 30 to 50 meters high. The tree have a clear bole and strongly developed buttresses which extend 4 to 5 meters up the trunk.
- Bark: Entandrophragma excelsum have a grey and thick bark with pale pink-orange patches and scaling in flat pieces on older trees
- Leaves: Pinnate, and dull green leaves (up to 60 cm long) with 10-14 large leaflets which are up to 18 cm long and 8 cm wide.
- Flowers: Entandrophragma excelsum have small and white flowers produced from large panicles
- Fruits: Dark brown- black, cylindrical and woody capsules (12-20cm long and 3-4 cm diameter). Entandrophragma excelsum fruits break open into 5 parts and release winged seeds of 6-8 cm long and 1.5-2 cm wide.
- Entandrophragma excelsum is distributed from DRC eastwards to Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi
- It grows in montane and mid-altitude rainforests, sometimes in riverine forests at lower altitude from 1280-2150 meters and rainfall 435-1969 mm
- In Rwanda, the species is naturally found in Nyungwe. It has bees plated at Ruhande from 1740-1800 meters
Seeds and propagation
Entandrophragma excelsum is propagated using seedlings or wildlings. Collect mature fruits from the tree or from the ground; dry them in sun and extract seeds by hand using a knife. There are 1200-1500 seeds per kilogram. Germination is very good and can attain 30-80% after 4-6 weeks from sowing. No pre-treatment required before sowing but the wings should be broken off. Seeds are susceptible to insect attack, therefore it is advisable to use ash for reducing insect damage. Stored in a cool place, seeds can retain viability for six months
Entandrophragma excelsum needs nurse trees in early stage and needs regular weeding at this stage. It can be planted as a shade tree i banana, coffee and tea plantation